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Showing posts from February 22, 2012

General Studies On Indian History About National Activities

General Studies On Indian History About National Activities The Indian National Congress: • Formed in 1885 by A.O.Hume, an Englishman and a retired civil servant. • First session in Bombay under W.C.Banerjee in 1885 (72 delegates attended it). • In the first two decades (1885 – 1905), quite moderate in its approach and confided in British justice and generosity. • But the repressive measures of the British gave rise to extremists within Congress like Bipin Chandra Pal, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai (Lal, Bal, Pal). Partition of Bengal: • By Lord Curzon on Oct 16, 1905, through a royal Proclamation, reducing the old province of Bengal in size by creating East Bengal and Assam out of rest of Bengal. • The objective was to set up a communal gulf between Hindus and Muslims. • A mighty upsurge swept the country against the partition. National movement found real expression in the movement against the partition of Bengal in 1905. Swadeshi Movement (1905): • Lal, Bal, Pal, and Aur…