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Gk exam ready notes 9 self-evaluation and facts


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1.  Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) is celebrated on 9th January every year to mark the contribution of Overseas Indian community in the development of India.
2.  January 9 was chosen as the day to celebrate this occasion since it was on this day in 1915 that Mahatma Gandhi, the greatest Pravasi, returned to India from South Africa, led India's freedom struggle and changed the lives of Indians forever.
3.  The decision to celebrate the "Pravasi Bharatiya Divas" was taken in accordance with recommendations of the 'High Level Committee on the Indian Diaspora' (HLC) set up by Government of India under the Chairmanship of Dr. L. M. Singhvi.
4.  These conventions provide a platform to the overseas Indian community to engage with the government and people of the land of their ancestors for mutually beneficial activities.
5.  Mini Pravasi Bhartiya Divas are essentially Regional PBDs organized to reach out to a vast majority of Inidan diaspora, who for various reasons, are unable to attend the main event in India and benefit from its deliberations.
6.  The Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award (PBSA) is the highest honour conferred on overseas Indians.
7.  It is mainly conferred on the Non-Resident Indians, Persons of Indian Origin or organizations or institutions established and run by the Non-Resident Indians or Persons of Indian Origin.
8.  The 10th Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas (2012) having the theme of "Global Indian - Inclusive Growth" has been inaugurated in Jaipur.
9.  The government of India has provided Right to franchise to NRIs and issued notifications for registration of overseas Indians electors under the Representation of the People Act, 1950.
10.Chief Guest of 10th PBD 2012 is the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Ms. Kamla Persad Bissessar.
11.Jeevan Raksha Padak series of awards were instituted in the year 1961.
12.Jeevan Raksha Padak series of awards are given to a person for meritorious act of humane nature in saving the life of a person.
13.The award is given in three categories, namely, Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak, Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak, and JeevanRaksha Padak.
14.Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak is awarded for conspicuous courage in saving life under circumstances of very great danger to the life of the rescuer.
15.Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak is awarded for courage and promptitude in saving life under circumstances of great danger to the life of the rescuer.
16.Jeevan Raksha Padak is awarded for courage and promptitude in saving life under circumstances of grave bodily injury to the rescuer.
17.Persons of either sex in all walks of life are eligible for these awards. The award can also be conferred posthumously.
18.The award is presented in the form of a medallion and a certificate signed by the Union Home Minister. The decoration is presented by the State/UT Government or the concerned Ministry/Department, to which the award winner belongs.
19.The ump sum monetary allowance is given at the rate of Rs.75,000, Rs.45,000 and Rs.30,000 to the Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak, Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak and JeevanRaksha Padak awardee respectively.
20.In 2011 Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak has been awarded to Shri C. Lalduhawma (Posthumous) of Mizoram and Shri Om Prakash of Uttar Pradesh.
21.The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as existing "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life".
22.India stood at 67th amongst 81 countries way below its South Asian neighbours Pakistan, Sri Lanka and China in the global hunger index 2011 released by the International Food Policy and Research Institute.
23.Despite years of progress against hunger, in 2010, it is estimated that 925 million people suffer from hunger. This is due to a sudden spike in global food prices and the onset of a world-wide economic crisis.
24.In 2008, nearly 9 million children died before they reached their fifth birthday. One third of these deaths are due directly or indirectly to hunger and malnutrition. Children who survive early childhood malnutrition suffer irreversible harm-including poor physical growth, compromised immune function, and impaired cognitive ability.
25.Around the world, 178 million children under 5 are stunted, low height for age. Of all stunted children, 90 percent live in just 36 countries, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and South and Central Asia.
26.In countries with high levels of childhood malnutrition, the economic loss can be as high as 2-3 percent of GDP.
27.About 75% of the world's poor people live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihood.
28.65 per cent of the world's hungry live in only seven countries: India, China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan and Ethiopia.
29.Iron deficiency is the most prevalent form of malnutrition worldwide, affecting an estimated 2 billion people. Eradicating iron deficiency can improve national productivity levels by as much as 20 percent.
30.Iodine deficiency is the greatest single cause of mental retardation and brain damage, affecting 1.9 billion people worldwide. It can easily be prevented by adding iodine to salt.

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