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Monday, March 12, 2012

Gk exam ready notes 6 self-evaluation and facts


 Some Points are hidden as part of quiz exercise. use mouse to highlight text and see the complete answer and self-evaluate
 1. World Economic Forum
2.  The World Economic Forum is the global community of business, political, intellectual and other leaders of society who are committed for improving the state of the world. 
3.  The Forum aims at providing member companies, governments and institutions the opportunity to work together to address global challenges.
4.  The Forum was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a German-born business professor at the University of Geneva.
5.  Originally named as the "European Management Forum", changed to the World Economic Forum in 1987 and sought to broaden its vision further to include providing a platform for resolving international conflicts.
6.  The Forum?s headquarters are located on the outskirts of Geneva in a town called Cologny.
7.  It has three main governing bodies: Foundation Board, International Business Council, and Managing Board.
8.  The Foundation Board, which has overall responsibility for establishing the long term direction and objectives of the Forum, and which is comprised of international public and private sector leaders.
9.  The International Business Council, which acts as an advisory body providing intellectual stewardship to the Forum.
10.The Managing Board, which is the in-house management team responsible for the executive oversight and management of the activities and resources of the Forum.
11.The Annual Meet 2012 held recently at Davos (Switzerland) with a theme "The Great Transformation: Shaping New Models".
12.Padma Awards were instituted in the year 1954. Except for brief interruptions during the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997, these awards have been announced every year on Republic Day.
13.Padma Vibhushan is awarded to recognize exceptional and distinguished service to the nation in any field, including government service.
14.Padma Bushan is awarded to recognize distinguished service of a high order to the nation, in any field.
15.Padma Sri is awarded to citizens of India to recognize their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports,Medicine, Social Service and public life.
16.All persons without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex are eligible for these awards.
17.Recommendations are invited every year from all State/UT Governments, Ministries/Departments of the Government of India, Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan awardees and Institutes of Excellence.
18.Recommendations from Ministers, Chief Ministers/Governors of State, Members of Parliament etc are placed before the Padma Awards Committee.
19.The Awards Committee is constituted by the Prime Minister every year.
20.The recommendations made by the Awards Committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President for their approval. No award is conferred except on the recommendation of the Awards Committee.
21.The award does not amount to a title and cannot be used as a suffix or prefix to the award winner's name on letterheads, invitation cards, posters, books etc.
22.24 January is celebrated as the National Girl Child Day since 2009.
23.It aims at increasing awareness among the masses regarding the welfare and empowerment of girl child.
24.The chosen date corresponds to the day in 1966 when Indira Gandhi became India's first woman prime minister.
25.The theme of the celebrations 2012 was "Declining Child Sex Ratio".
26.In the last decade, as many as 27 States and Union Territories have experienced a fall in the child sex ratio.
27.According to Census 2011 Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased from 933 to 940 but Child sex ratio has declined from 927 to 914.
28.The highest child sex ratio among state is of Mizoram (971) and among UTs in Andaman and Nicobar (966).
29.Lowest child sex ratio among state is of Haryana (830) and among UTs is Delhi (866).
30.With the introduction of ultrasound and amniocentesis, tens of thousands of female foetuses were never born thus the government has passed the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technologies Act.
31.The Act includes penalties for anyone, doctor or parent, who carries out such tests for this purpose.
32.The public distribution system (PDS) ensures the distribution of essential items such as selected cereals, sugar and kerosene at subsidized prices to holders of ration cards.
33.The main items distributed through the PDS are cereals, such as rice and wheat, and essential items such as sugar (only for below poverty line consumers) and kerosene.
34.With a network of more than 4.99 lakh fair price shops (FPS) distributing commodities to about 330 million families, the PDS in India is perhaps the largest distribution network of its kind in the world.
35.PDS is operated under the joint responsibility of the Central and the State Governments.
36.The Central Government has taken the responsibility for procurement, storage, transportation and bulk allocation of foodgrains, etc.
37.The responsibility for distributing the commodities to the consumers through the network of Fair Price Shops (FPSs) rests with the State Governments.
38.The Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS) was launched in 1992 to strengthen and streamline the PDS and to improve its reach in the far-flung, hilly, remote and inaccessible areas.
39.The Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) was introduced in 1997.
40.The objective of TPDS was to identify the BPL persons and issue a distinct ration card for selling specified cereal items through PDS outlets at specially subsidized rates.
41.The state-wise poverty estimates for identifying BPL was based on the methodology of the expert group chaired by late Prof. Lakdawala.

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