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Gk exam ready notes 16self-evaluation and facts

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1.  The Constitution of India has borrowed most of its provisions from the Constitutions of various countries as well as from the GOI Act, 1935.
2.  Government of India Act 1935 - The Federal Scheme, Office of the Governor, Role of federal judiciary, Emergency provisions.
3.  UK Constitution - Law making procedures, Parliamentary Government, Rule of Law, Single Citizenship, Cabinet System, Parliamentary Privileges and Bicameralism.
4.  US Constitution - Fundamental Rights, Independent judiciary, Judicial review, Procedure for the removal of the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts, Role of Vice President.
5.  Canadian Constitution - Federal system, Federation with strong centre, Residuary powers in the centre.
6.  Irish Constitution - Directive Principles of State Policy, The method of the presidential election, Nominating members of Rajya Sabha.
7.  Weimar Constitution of Germany - Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency.
8.  Australian Constitution - Principle of co-operative federalism, Freedom of inter-state trade, commerce and intercourse, Concurrent list, Joint Sitting of the two Houses of Parliament.
9.  Constitution of South Africa - Procedure for amendment of the Constitution, Election of members of the Rajya Sabha.
10.Japanese Constitution ? Procedure established by Law.
11.The World Trade Organization (WTO) is a global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business, came into being in 1995 as the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
12.The World Bank was created in 1945. It works for human development (education, health), agriculture and rural development (irrigation, rural services), environmental protection (pollution reduction), infrastructure (roads, urban regeneration, and electricity) and governance (anti-corruption, development of legal institutions).
13.UNESCO purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter.
14.The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an intergovernmental organization that promotes international economic cooperation, focusing in particular on policies that have an impact on the exchange rate and the balance of payments.
15.United Nations Children's Fund was created in 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. It provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
16.The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. It acts as a source of knowledge and information to help in modernizing and improving agriculture, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all.
17.WHO is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.
18.The ILO is the international organization responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards.
19.The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
20.The origin and growth of the idea of the Constituent Assembly as a representative body for formulating the fundamental law of the country first proposed in Nehru Report of 1928.
21.The Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946 under the scheme of the Cabinet Mission Plan.
22.The total numbers of the seats in the proposed Constituent Assembly were to be 389; 296 seats were allotted to British India and 93 seats to the Princely States.
23.The election for the Constituent Assembly held in July-August 1946 in which the 93 seats allotted to the Princely States remained vacant as they decided to stay away from the Constituent Assembly.
24.The Constituent Assembly held its first meeting on December 9, 1946 headed by Dr. Sachidanand Sinha as a temporary President of the assembly.
25.The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was boycotted by the Muslim League and they insisted on the formation of Pakistan.
26.On December 11, 1946 Dr. Rajendra Prasad and H.C Mukherjee were elected as the President and Vice-President of the assembly respectively.
27.The 'Objective Resolution' by J.L.Nehru in 1946 laid down the fundamentals and philosophy of the constitutional structure of India.
28.B.N Rai was appointed as the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly.
29.The Constituent Assembly took two years, eleven months and eighteen days for the formulation of the Constitution and finally the Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950.


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