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1. The National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) has been conceptualized with the following vision: "Make all Government services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency and reliability of such services at affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man.
2. The Government approved the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP), comprising of 27 Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) and 8 components, on May 18, 2006.
3. The 27 Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) identified by the NeGP includes 8 integrated projects; 8 central projects and 11 state projects.
4. The National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) has been formulated by the Department of Information Technology (DIT) and Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DAR&PG).
5. Three main core components were identified by the Plan: State Wide Area Network, State Data Center, and Common Services Centre.
6. The Government has approved the SWAN Scheme to establish converged network consisting of data, voice and video circuits with minimum 2 Mbps capacity, linking the State with the Union Territories Headquarters, right up to the Block and and Tehsil headquarters, through the district and the Sub-division headquarters. The aim is to create a secure government closed user group (CUG) network, for the purpose of delivering Government-to-Citizen (G2C) and Government-to-Government (G2G) services.
7. State Data Centre provides key functionalities such as central repository of the state, secure data storage, online delivery of services, Citizen Information/Services portal, State Intranet portal, disaster recovery, remote management and service integration.
8. CSC involves a scheme for providing support for establishing 100,000 broadband Internet enabled Common Service Centers (CSCs) in rural areas of the country.
9. The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) will enable government to reach citizens thereby improving governance. This will also enable improvement in monitoring and implementing of various government schemes thereby increasing the accountability and transparency in government.
10.All services provided through the various e-Governance initiatives are expected to assist the governments at the Central and State levels in reaching the yet 'unreached' and enable involvement and empowerment of marginalized groups through their participation in the government processes thereby contributing towards poverty reduction and bridging the sharp social and economic divide.
11.The Auto Expo is a biennial trade fair of automobile and auto component manufacturers organized in New Delhi, India.
12.It is Organized jointly by the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association (ACMA),Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)and Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM).
13.This platform is used by many national and international automobile manufacturers to showcase their future line up.
14.Auto Expo 2012 is the eleventh edition of the trade fair scheduled from 5-11 January 2012.
15.5. This edition of the event will focus on the theme - "Mobility for All" with special emphasis on the safety and need of environment friendly fuels/vehicles, technological advancements, and innovative designs.
16.Thus the focused theme of the expo will be "New Technology- Green Technology".
17.1500 exhibitors from 24 countries will visit the Auto Expo, including Belarus, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hong Kong, UAE, UK, USA, etc.
18.New entrants to the show are: PACCAR of Netherlands, POLARIS of USA and TRIUMPH of UK.
19.The Auto Expo will act as a platform for highlighting the progress the auto-component industry has made over the last 2 years since the previous Auto Expo in terms of its growing capabilities and capacity, especially in the area of new product development and adoption of latest product and manufacturing technologies, particularly to meet the rapidly changing requirements in terms of Emission reduction, enhanced safety, security and comfort.
20.Officially the first day of the exposition is reserved exclusively for the media; the day is also a Goodwill day for the differently challenged people to visit the show.
21.National Investigation Agency (NIA) is a federal agency set up by the Indian Government to combat terror in India.
22.NIA was created after the Nov 2008 Mumbai terror attacks as need for a central agency to combat terrorism was realized.
23.India has been the victim of large scale terrorism sponsored from across the borders. There have been innumerable incidents of terrorist attacks, not only in the militancy and insurgency affected areas and areas affected by Left Wing Extremism, but also in the form of terrorist attacks and bomb blasts, etc., in various parts of the hinterland and major cities, etc.
24.The government has set up National Investigation Agency in a concurrent jurisdiction framework, with provisions for taking up specific cases under specific Acts for investigation.
25.The NIA Act was enacted on 31-12-08 and the National Investigation Agency (NIA) came into existence.
26.This is applicable to whole of India, citizens of India outside India and persons on ships and aircraft registered in India.
27.Officers of the NIA have all powers, privileges and liabilities which the police officers have in connection with investigation of any offence.
28.The Centre shall constitute special courts for trial of terror-related offences. Special Courts may sit at any place for any of its proceedings.
29.For speedy and fair trial, the Supreme Court may transfer any case pending with the special court to another special court in the same state or any other state, and the High Court may transfer such cases to any other special court within the state.
30.The current Director General of NIA is S.C Sinha.
31.The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA), was passed on September 11, 1958, by the Parliament of India.
32.It conferred special powers upon armed forces in "disturbed areas" in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram,Nagaland and Tripura.
33.It was later extended to Jammu and Kashmir as The Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act, 1990 in July 1990.
34.It empowers the governor or the Central government to declare any part of the state as a 'disturbed area' if in its opinion special powers are required to prevent (a) terrorist acts aimed at overthrowing the government, striking terror in the people, or affecting the harmony of different sections of the people or (b) activities which disrupt the sovereignty of India, or cause insult to the national flag, anthem or India's Constitution.
35.Under Section 4 of the AFSPA, an authorised officer in a disturbed area enjoys certain powers. The authorised officer has the power to open fire at any individual even if it results in death if the individual violates laws which prohibit (a) the assembly of five or more persons; or (b) carrying of weapons. However, the officer has to give a warning before opening fire.
36.The authorised officer has also been given the power to (a) arrest without a warrant; and (b) seize and search without any warrant any premise in order to make an arrest or recovery of hostages, arms and ammunitions.
37.On November 19, 2004, the Central government appointed a five member committee headed by Justice B.P Jeevan Reddy to review the provisions of the act in the north eastern states.
38.The committee submitted its report in 2005, which included the following recommendations: (a) AFSPA should be repealed and appropriate provisions should be inserted in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967; (b) The Unlawful Activities Act should be modified to clearly specify the powers of the armed forces and paramilitary forces and (c) grievance cells should be set up in each district where the armed forces are deployed.
39.The 5th report of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission on public order has also recommended the repeal of the AFSPA.
40.The repeal of the AFSPA has been made on the grounds on Human Rights violation.