Skip to main content

Computer related Abbreviations : Dual Easy Quiz and learn Mode

 Here You see some Blank space . This is done so you can memorize and check your correctness. So see answer just use mouse and highlight the abbreviation from left to right end and you can see answer. So read all , highlight this full article and read. To remember and learn, highlight and unlighted many times you want.

CDAC : Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing.
C-DOT : Center for Development of Telematrics.
HTTP : Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
ROM : Read Only Memory
RAM : Random Access Memory
BIOS : Basic Input- Output System.
MODEM : Modulation – Demodulation.
CAD : Computer Aided Design.
PSTN : Public Switched Public Data Network.

PSPDN : Pocket Switched Public.
RABAN : Remote Area Business Message Network.
LAN : Local Area Network
WAN : Wide Area Network .
MAN : Metropolitan Area Network.
CDMA : Code Division Multiple Access.

GAIS : Gateway Internet Access Service
E-Mail : Electronic Mail.
CD : Compact Disc.

LDU : Liquid Display Unit.
CPU : Central Processing Unit.

CAM : Computer Aided Manufacturing.
CATScan : Computerized Axial Tomography Scan .
COBOL : Common Business Oriented Language.
COMAL : Common Algorithmic Language.
DOS : Disk Operating System.
DTS : Desk Top System
DTP : Desk Top Publishing.
E-Commerce : Electronic Commerce.
ENIAC : Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator
FAX : Far Away Xerox.

FLOPS : Floating Operations Per Second.
FORTRAN : Formula Translation.
HLL : High Level Language.
HTML : Hyper Text Markup Language.
IBM : International Business Machine.
IC : Integrated Circuit
ISH : International Super Highway.

LISP : List Processing.
LLL : Low Level Language
MICR : Magnetic Ink Character Recognizer.
MIPS : Millions of Instructions Per Second.
MOPS : Millions of Operations Per Second.
MPU : Micro Processor Unit.
NICNET : National Information Center Network.

OMR : Optical Mark Reader.
PC-DOT : Personal Computer Disk Operation System.

PROM : Programmable Read Only Memory.
SNOBOL : String Oriented Symbolic Language.

UPS : Uninterpretable Power Supply.
VDU : Visual Display Unit.
VLSI : Very Large Scale Integrated.
WWW : World Wide Web.

WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network.
Wi-fi – Wireless Fidelity
TIFF – Tagged Image File Format
e-SATA – External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
WiMAX – Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group
GIF – Graphics Interchange Format

ATX – Advanced Technology Extended
UATX – Ultra Advanced Technology Extended
FATX – Flex Advanced Technology Extended

MATX – Micro Advanced Technology Extended
EEATX – Enhanced Extended Advanced Technology Extended
DDR SDRAM – Double-Data-Rate Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DDR RAM – Double-Data-Rate Random Access Memory
GUI – Graphical User Interfaces
CUI – Command User Interfaces

AGP -         Accellerated Graphics Port
NAT – Network Address Translation
ARPANET -     Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
BIOS     -  Basic Input/Output System
SCSI   - Small Computer Systems Interface
OCR   -      Optical Character Recognition
PCI      -   Peripheral Component Interface
PDA      -   Personal Digital Assistant

MIDI     -   Musical Instrument Digital Interface
BPS     -  Bites Per Second

KBPS    -    KiloBits Per Second
MPEG    -    Motion Picture Experts Group
JPEG      -   Joint Photographic Expert Group
LCD      -   Liquid Crystal Display

MAC      -   Media Access Control


Popular posts from this blog



13.0 Learning Outcome

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

• Identify the background of revitalisation of local governance;

• Understand the features of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment;

• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


The revitalization of Pancha…

Q. What is the meaning of the terms like ‘Pardon’, ‘Reprieve’, ‘Respite’, ‘Remission’ and ‘Commutation’ with respect to the power of the President to grant pardon to convicted persons?

Ans. In terms of their scope and effect, these terms have specific connotations. The effect of Pardon is to abolish punishment and to absolve the convict of all charges. If Pardon is granted, it is assured as if the convict has not committed any crime. The convict will not face any disabilities due to the allegations and charges made against him. ‘Remission’ means reducing the punishment without changing the nature of punishment. For example, the imprisonment for 20 years may be reduced to the imprisonment for 10 years. ‘Commutation’ means reducing the punishment by changing the nature of punishment. For example, punishment to death may be changed to life imprisonment. ‘Respite’ means reducing or changing the nature of punishment in view of the specific facts and circumstances of the convict. For example, the punishment to death awarded to a pregnant woman, may be changed to simple life imprisonment. Respite means delay in execution of punishment especially that of death, in order to …



1.0 Learning outcome

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Concept of Democratic Decentralisation

1.3 Evolution of Democratic Decentralisation

1.4 Significance of Democratic Decentralisation

1.5 Democratic Decentralisation in India

1.6 Conclusion

1.7 Key concepts

1.8 References and Further Reading

1.9 Activities


After studying this unit, you should be able to:

• Understand the concept of Democratic Decentralization;

• Know the evolution and significance of Democratic Decentralization; and

• Describe the Democratic Decentralization pattern in India.


The dawn of 21st century is marked by decentralized governance both as a strategy and philosophy of brining about reforms and changes in democracies. These changes led to such virtues of transparency, responsiveness and accountability and ensures good governance. Today decentralization and democracy are the most significant themes in the development discourse. In the present contex…