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Syllabi of the Written Papers:-
Paper I : General Ability and Intelligence
The objective type questions with multiple choices in this paper will broadly cover
the following areas:
1. General Mental Ability
The questions will be designed to test the logical reasoning, quantitative
aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation.
2. General Science
The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper,
comprehension and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday
observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology,
Biotechnology, Environmental Science.
3. Current Events of National and International Importance:
The questions will test the candidates’ awareness of current events of national
and international importance in the broad areas of culture, music, arts, literature,
sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business,
globalisation, and interplay among nations.
4. Indian Polity and Economy:
The questions shall aim to test candidates’ knowledge of the Country’s political
system and the Constitution of India, social systems and public administration,
economic development in India, regional and international security issues
and human rights including its indicators.
5. History of India
The questions will broadly cover the subject in its social, economic and political
aspects. This shall also include the areas of growth of nationalism and freedom
6. Indian and World Geography:
The questions shall cover the physical, social and economic aspects of
geography pertaining to India and the World.
Paper II : General Studies, Essay and Comprehension
Part-A – Essay questions which are to be answered in long narrative form either
in Hindi or English totalling 80 Marks. The indicative topics are modern Indian
history especially of the freedom struggle, geography, polity and economy,
knowledge of security and human rights issues, and analytical ability.
Part-B – Comprehension, précis writing, other communications/language skills –
to be attempted in English only (Marks 120) – The topics are Comprehension
passages, précis writing, developing counter arguments, simple grammer and
other aspects of language testing.


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13.1 Introduction

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13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

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13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

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13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

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• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


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1.1 Introduction

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