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Showing posts from January, 2012

MAPS

GEOGRAPHICAL EPITHETS-WORLD

America’s Motor City Detroit
Britain of the South New Zealand
China’s Sorrow River Hwang Ho
City of Dreaming Spires Oxford (England)
City of Eternal Springs Quito (S.America)
City of Flowers Cape Town (S.Africa)
City of Golden Gate San Francisco (USA)
City of Magnificient Buildings Washington (USA)
City of Quiet thoroughfares Venice
City of Seven Hills Rome (Italy)
City of Skyscrapers New York (USA)
Cockpit of Europe Belgium
Dark Continent Africa
Emerald Isle Ireland
Empire City New York
Eternal City of Hopes Rome, Italy
Forbidden City Lhasa (Tibet)
Garden City Chicago
Garden in the desert Ethiopia
Garden of England Kent (England)
Gate of tears Strait of bab-el-Mandeb
Golden City Johannesburg
Gibraltar of Indian Ocean Aden
Gift of Nile Egypt
Granite City Aberdeen
Hanging Valleys Valley of Switzerland
Hermit Kingdom Korea
Herring Pond Atlantic Ocean
Holy Land Palestine
Human Equator of the Earth Himalayas
Island Continent Australia
Island of Cloves Zanzibar
Island of Pearls Bahrain (P…

SEVEN WONDERS

SEVEN WONDERS
OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
1. The Pyramids of Khufu
2. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
3. The Temple of Artem is at Ephesus
4. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
5. The Mausolus at Halicarnassus
6. The Colossus of Rhodes
7. The Pharos (Lighthouse) at Alexandria
SEVEN WONDERS
OF THE MEDIEVAL WORLD
1. The Colosseum of Rome
2. The Great Wall of China
3. The Porcelain Tower of Nanking, Cahina
4. The Mosque at St.Sophia (Constantinople)
5. The Stonehenge of England
6. The Catacombs of Alexandria
7. The Leaning Tower of Pisa


SEVEN NATURAL WONDERS
OF THE WORLD
1. Mount Everest, on the border of Tibet and Nepal.
2. The Nile River, Egypt.
3. Rio de Janeiro Harbour.
4. Iguassu Falls, Argentina.
5. Yosemite Valley and the Giant Sequioas of California.
6. The Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Arizona.
7. The Northern Lights, especially from Northern
Canada and Alaska.
SEVEN WONDERS OF TODAY
1. The Taj Mahal of Agra, India.
2. The Great Pyramid of Egypt and the adjacent Great
Sphinx of Gizeh.
3. Ha…

BRITISH ADMINISTRATION: 1757-1858

Structure





2.0 Objectives

2.1   Introduction

2.2 The Nature of Administration

2.2.1 Characteristic Features of the East India Company

2.2.2 The Regulating Act of 1773

2.2.3 The Amending Act of 178 1

2.3 Constitutional Changes from 1784-1 834

2.3.1 Pitt's India Act 1784

2.3.2 The Amending Act of 1786

2.4 The Central Secretariat

2.4.1 The Departments of Secretaries to Government

2.4.2 Changes in the Secretariat from 1787-1 808

2.4.3 Financial and Colonial Departments

2.4.4 Reconstruction of Departments in 181 5

2.5 Departments under the Governor General and Other ~ i v i b e ~ a r t m e n t s

2.6 The Administration of Revenue

2.6.1 The Imperial Grant of the Diwani

. 2.6.2 Formation of the Board or Council of Revenue

2.5.3 District Administration and the District Collector

2.7 Board of Revenue

2.8 Role of Divisional Commissioners

2.9 The Administration of Criminal Justice and Police

2.10 The Civil Service









OBJECTIVES





1.   Understand the important landmarks in the British East India Company administration from

1…

TRADE UNIONS

CHAPTER 41



Trade union is a voluntary organization of workers pertaining to a particular trade, industry or a company and formed to promote and protect their interests and welfare by collective action. They are the most suitable organizations for balancing and improving the relations between the employer and the employees. Trade Unionism has made its headway owing to growth of industrialization. Trade Unionism asserts collectively the rights of the workers. The Trade unions are concerned with the welfare of workers which include:

Securing fair wages for workers and improve their opportunities for promotion and training.

Safeguarding security of tenure and improve their conditions of service. Improving working and living conditions of workers.
Providing educational, cultural and recreational facilities.

In industrially advanced countries trade unionism has made a great impact on the social, political and economic life. India, being an agricultural country, trade unionism is restricted to in…

UNIT 27 DEMOCRACY AND DEVELOPMENT: ASSESSMENT

Structure

27.1 Introduction
27.2 Democracy
27.2.1 Procedural democracy
27.2.2
27.3 Development .
27.4 Democracy and Development
27.5
27.6 Exercises


27.1 INTRODUCTION

on both the democracy and in India denotes two contradictory ,
about their assessment, one, the and development have succeeded; and,
these failed. applies to and development when these are dealt with interdependent or independentof each whether they are compatible or not. presents overview assessment of democracy and development in India as phenomena a d also in relationto each discussed the of
and the models strategies of development in India, this unit discusses democracy in as procedural substantive.


'27.2 DEMOCRACY

Following Independence India adopted a democratic system of governance. Institutions of democracy in India began to grow the colonial rule. They evolved through various Acts of the British Government an…