Skip to main content

Posts

Showing posts from December 29, 2011

UNIT 24 OCEANIC TRADE

Structure

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Rise of Islam and the Oceanic Trade

24.3 Trade in Medieval Europe

24.4 India’s Maritime Trade

24.5 Portuguese Trade in the Indian Ocean
24.5.1 Portuguese Consolidation in Indian Ocean
24.5.2 Cartaz and Qafila
24.5.3 Indian Maritime Trade in the Fifteenth Century
24.5.4 Affect of Portuguese Trade on Indian Overseas Trade

24.6 European Companies and Indian Ocean Trade
24.6.1 Commodities Exported from India
24.6.2 Imports into India

24.7 Overseas Trade of Indian Merchants

24.8 Summary

24.9 Exercises

24.1 INTRODUCTION

In this Unit an attempt has been made to give you a brief account of the Oceanic Trade in the medieval world. Our discussion includes the period from around the seventh century to the mid-eighteenth century, coinciding with the advent of Islam in Arabia to the British conquest of Bengal. To begin with, the most important development in the trading world was the rise of Islam towards the beginning of the…

UNIT 25 BUSINESS COMMUNITIES

Structure

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Armenians
25.2.1 Armenian Trading Network
25.2.2 Success of Armenians

25.3 Jews

25.4 Karimi Merchants

25.5 Some Other Merchant Groups of Asia and Euope

25.6 Major Business Communities in India
25.6.1 Banjaras
25.6.2 Baniyas and Other Merchant Groups

25.7 Summary

25.8 Exercises

25.1 INTRODUCTION

In the previous Unit we discussed the Oceanic Trade in the medieval period. Here in this Unit we propose to discuss some of the major business communities in the medieval world. These trading communities in different parts of the Eurasian continuum were the main vehicles through whom the trade of the medieval period was conducted. The time span is from around the seventh century to the mid-eighteenth century, coinciding with the advent of Islam and the British conquest of Bengal. During this period the trading activities got a big boost with the development in shipping and trade across continents. We notice that apart from indiv…