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Showing posts from December 18, 2011

Racism, Colonialism and Human Rights

The issues grouped in this section are close to India’s heart. Foremost among them is the racism— the controversy centred on South Africa’s official policy of racial discrimination. In the very first session of the General Assembly, India took up the matter and mobilised support from the world community to pressure South Africa to end apartheid. India worked hard to build an anti-apartheid coalition in world politics that did not hesitate to launch actions like ban on participation in sports events, ban on participation in international forums and ban on sale of military equipment, to pressurise the White minority government of South Africa. In this context, it is a matter of great satisfaction that in 1993- South Africa declared itself apartheid-free following which a freely elected democratic government assumed power under the leadership of Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi’s spiritual heir. India is credited for taking up liberation of subject population, i.e. the peoples under the …


Butler Committee - Relation between Indian states & paramount power Hurtog Committee - Growth of British India education-its effects Muddiman Committee - Working of Diarchy as in Montague Chelmsford reforms Malhotra Committee - Insurance Reforms Janaki Ram Committee - Security Scam Ajay Vikram Singh Committee - Faster promotions in Army Rajinder Sachar Committee 1 - Companies and MRPT Act Rajindar Sachar Committee 2 - Report on the social, economic and educational status of the Muslims of India. Jyoti Basu Committee - Report on Octroi abolition. Balwant Rai Mehta Committee - Recommendations on decentralization system Sawant Committee - Enquiry on corruption, charges against ministers & Anna Hazare Chelliah Committee - Eradicating black money Wanchoo Committee - Tax enquiry Bhanu Pratap Singh Committee – Agriculture Agarwal Committee - Nepotism in granting petrol pump, LPG connections Rangarajan Committee - Reforms in private sector Naresh Chandra Committee - Corporate governa…

Thinking about language

Although this text speaks of factual events and situations of
misery it transforms these situations with an almost poetical
prose into a literary experience. How does it do so? Here are
some literary devices:
• Hyperbole is a way of speaking or writing that makes
something sound better or more exciting than it really is.
For example: Garbage to them is gold.
• A Metaphor, as you may know, compares two things or ideas
that are not very similar. A metaphor describes a thing in
terms of a single quality or feature of some other thing; we
can say that a metaphor “transfers” a quality of one thing to
another. For example: The road was a ribbon of light.
• Simile is a word or phrase that compares one thing with
another using the words “like” or “as”. For example: As white
as snow.
Carefully read the following phrases and sentences taken from the
text. Can you identify the literary device in each example?
1. Saheb-e-Alam which means the lord of the universe is directly
in contrast to what S…