Ans. The Gram Nyayalaya Act, 2008 enacted by the Parliament has come into force with effect from October 2, 2009. Ii paves the way for the establishment of more than 5000 Gram Nyayalayas. The Act provides for cheap and readily available just ice to the rural people. ‘The judicial officer of a Gram Nyayalaya will be a first class Magistrate appointed by the State Government in consultation with the High Court. Functioning as mobile courts these Nyayalayas will have both civil and criminal jurisdictions.