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Showing posts from October 14, 2011


1. India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization. 2. India never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history. 3. India is the world's largest democracy. 4. Varanasi, also known as Benares, was called "the ancient city" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C.E, and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today. 5. India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. 6. The World's first university was established in Takshashila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education. 7. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software - a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987. 8. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the fathe…

Q. What are law matters with respect to which a Bill needs a prior consent of the President before it is introduced in Parliament?

Ans. A Bill, if his related to the following matters, requires the prior consent of the President before its introduction in Parliament—
(a) The creation of new States or the alteration in the boundaries of States (Article 3);
(b) appropriation of agricultural land (Article 31A(1))
(c) Money Bills [Article 117(1)];
(d) a proposal w expend money out of Consolidated Fund of India;
(c) a Bill which affects the interests of States with respect to taxation, or a Bill affecting the principles governing the allocation of central funds to States or a Bill which has the effect, of changing the term  ‘agriculture income’ for the purpose of income tax or a Bill seeking to impose surcharge of incomes for certain purposes of union govern- merit;
(f) a Bill which seeks to affect inter-State trade transactions [Article 304].
However, the validity of an act cannot be questioned on the ground that it did not receive the prior consent of the President, lithe President gives his assent subsequently to the Bill…