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Showing posts from September 21, 2011

Q. What are the provisions of the Constitution with respect to the welfare of Backward classes?

Q. What are the provisions of the Constitution with respect to the welfare of Backward classes?
Ans. Article 15(4) of the Constitution (inspite of right to equality) enables the State to make special provisions for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens and the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes. This provision indicates that there are some backward classes of Citizens other than the S.C./S.T. The Constitution does not define clearly as to what is meant by the term ‘backward class’: however, Article 340 provides for the setting up of a Backward Classes Commission which would determine the criteria of backwardness of citizens, prepare a list of such backward classes and study the difficult conditions of these classes and suggest measures to ameliorate their condition. In 1953, the Government of India appointed a Backward Classes Commission headed by Kaka Kalelkar, but the government could not appreciate the criteria evolved by the commission. Ho…