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Butler Committee - Relation between Indian states & paramount power
Hurtog Committee - Growth of British India education-its effects
Muddiman Committee - Working of Diarchy as in Montague Chelmsford reforms
Malhotra Committee - Insurance Reforms
Janaki Ram Committee - Security Scam
Ajay Vikram Singh Committee - Faster promotions in Army
Rajinder Sachar Committee 1 - Companies and MRPT Act
Rajindar Sachar Committee 2 - Report on the social, economic and educational status of the Muslims of India.
Jyoti Basu Committee - Report on Octroi abolition.
Balwant Rai Mehta Committee - Recommendations on decentralization system
Sawant Committee - Enquiry on corruption, charges against ministers & Anna Hazare
Chelliah Committee - Eradicating black money
Wanchoo Committee - Tax enquiry
Bhanu Pratap Singh Committee – Agriculture
Agarwal Committee - Nepotism in granting petrol pump, LPG connections
Rangarajan Committee - Reforms in private sector
Naresh Chandra Committee - Corporate governance
Chakravarti Committee - Banking sector reforms
Rekhi Committee - Structure of indirect taxation
G.V.Ramakrishna Committee - Disinvestment in PSU shares
Kelkar Committee 1 - First committee on backward castes
P.C.Hotha Committee - Restructuring of civil services
Justice B.N.Kirpal Committee - 1st chairman National Forest Commission
Godbole Committee - Enron Power Project
J.C.Kumarappa Committee - Congress agrarian Reforms Committee
Swaminathan Committee - Population policy
Rangaraju Committee – Statistics
Wardha Committee - Inquiry on murder of Graham Staines
Vohra Committee - Criminalization of politics
Kelkar Committee 2 - Direct-Indirect Taxes
Alagh Committee - Civil Service Examinations
Abid Hussain Committee - Recommendations on Small scale industries
Narasimham Committee - Banking sector reforms
Chelliah Committee - Tax reforms
Mashelkar Committee - National Auto Fuel Policy
Boothalingam Committee - Recommendations on integrated wages, income and price policy.
Omkar Goswami Committee Industrial sickness
Yashpal Committee - Review of School Education system
Ram Nandan Prasad Committee - Constitution of creamy layers among Backward Castes.
Kelkar Committee 3 - Enquiry on Kargil defense deals.
Saharya Committee - Tehelka tapes

List of Commissions
U.C.Benerjee Commission - Enquiry into Godhra carnage (Railways)
Nanavati-Shah - commission Posy Godhra riots
Palekar Tribunal - Journalist pays reforms
Hunter Commission - Jallianwalabagh massacre
Nanavati Commission - 1984 Sikh riots
Mukherjee Commission - Death/Disappearance of Subhash Chandra Bose
Librehan Commission - Babri Masjid demolition case
Sarkaria Commission - Centre-State relations
Sri Krishna Commission - 1992 Bombay riots
Thakkar Commission - Indira Gandhi assassination case
Phukhan Commission - Tehelka tapes
Malimath Commission - Criminal Justice
Upendra Commission - Inquiry on rape and murder Thangjem Manorama Devi
G.C.Garg Commission - Train accident near Khanna, Punjab
Mandal Commission - Reservation of seats for Backward castes
Kothari Commission - Educational reforms


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13.0 Learning Outcome

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

• Identify the background of revitalisation of local governance;

• Understand the features of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment;

• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


The revitalization of Pancha…

Q. What is the meaning of the terms like ‘Pardon’, ‘Reprieve’, ‘Respite’, ‘Remission’ and ‘Commutation’ with respect to the power of the President to grant pardon to convicted persons?

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1.0 Learning outcome

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Concept of Democratic Decentralisation

1.3 Evolution of Democratic Decentralisation

1.4 Significance of Democratic Decentralisation

1.5 Democratic Decentralisation in India

1.6 Conclusion

1.7 Key concepts

1.8 References and Further Reading

1.9 Activities


After studying this unit, you should be able to:

• Understand the concept of Democratic Decentralization;

• Know the evolution and significance of Democratic Decentralization; and

• Describe the Democratic Decentralization pattern in India.


The dawn of 21st century is marked by decentralized governance both as a strategy and philosophy of brining about reforms and changes in democracies. These changes led to such virtues of transparency, responsiveness and accountability and ensures good governance. Today decentralization and democracy are the most significant themes in the development discourse. In the present contex…