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Q. When did Gram Nyayalaya Act come into force?

Ans. The Gram Nyayalaya Act, 2008 enacted by the Parliament has come into force with effect from October 2, 2009. Ii paves the way for the establishment of more than 5000 Gram Nyayalayas. The Act provides for cheap and readily available just ice to the rural people. ‘The judicial officer of a Gram Nyayalaya will be a first class Magistrate appointed by the State Government in consultation with the High Court. Functioning as mobile courts these Nyayalayas will have both civil and criminal jurisdictions.

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13.0 Learning Outcome

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

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13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities

13.0 LEARNING OUTCOME

After studying this Unit you should be able to:

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• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.

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Structure

1.0 Learning outcome

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Concept of Democratic Decentralisation

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1.5 Democratic Decentralisation in India

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1.7 Key concepts

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1.0 LEARNING OUTCOME

After studying this unit, you should be able to:

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• Know the evolution and significance of Democratic Decentralization; and

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