Q. What is meant by terms like ‘Prorogation’, ‘Adjournment’ and ‘Dissolution’ with respect to the Parliament?
Ans. A session of Parliament consists of many meetings or sittings. When a particular meeting or sitting of Parliament is suspended for the time being or for the day, it is called ‘adjournment’ of the House. At least two sessions of Parliament must be convened in a year as there cannot be more than 6 months time between the two sessions. The session of the Parliament is called by the President on the advice of the Council of Ministers. When a session of Parliament comes to an end or suspended in the meantime, it is called ‘prorogation’ of the Parliament. Out of two Houses of Parliament, only the House of the People (Lok Sabha) is subject to dissolution. The Lok Sabha is dissolved by the President on the advice of the Council of Ministers. When the declaration of the end of the term of an ongoing Lok Sabha is announced, it is called the dissolution of the House. After the dissolution of the House of the People, the elections are announced to constitute new Lok Sabha. The dissolution of the Lok Sabha may Lake place even before the expiry o its five year term.