Ans. The Election Commission is an independent constitutional authority, which was established in 1950. From 1950 to October 1989, the Government of India appointed two extra Elections Commissioners to it. But these posts of two Additional Commissioners were abolished on January 1, 1990. Again, the President of India appointed two more Election Commissions to the Election Commission on October 1. 1993 and an amendment was made in the concerned Act of 1991 providing for equal powers, salaries and allowances etc. for the other two Election Commissioners. This Amended Act was challenged in the Supreme Court. Rejecting the challenge a bench of 5 Supreme Court Judges approved the amended Act referred to above on iuly 14,1995.