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Q. What are the provisions for constituting Legislative Assemblies in Union Territories?

Ans. The provisions for constituting Legislative Assembly in a Union Territory can be made in the Constitution as and when need arises. However, at present, the provisions of the Constitution provide for a 30 member Legislative Assembly for the Union Territory of Pondicherry. By the 69th Constitutional Amendment, a 70 member Legislative Assembly was provided for the National Capital Territory of Delhi. But the powers of these Legislative Assemblies arc limited and are not equivalent to those of State Assemblies:. By the 70th Constitutional Amendment, these Assemblies were given the right to participate in the election to the office of the President. The past practice in this respect shows that the provision of constituting a Legislative Assembly in a Union Territory paves the way for making it as a full fledged State of the Union in future.

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Structure

13.0 Learning Outcome

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities

13.0 LEARNING OUTCOME

After studying this Unit you should be able to:

• Identify the background of revitalisation of local governance;

• Understand the features of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment;

• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.

13.1 INTRODUCTION

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Structure

1.0 Learning outcome

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Concept of Democratic Decentralisation

1.3 Evolution of Democratic Decentralisation

1.4 Significance of Democratic Decentralisation

1.5 Democratic Decentralisation in India

1.6 Conclusion

1.7 Key concepts

1.8 References and Further Reading

1.9 Activities

1.0 LEARNING OUTCOME

After studying this unit, you should be able to:

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• Know the evolution and significance of Democratic Decentralization; and

• Describe the Democratic Decentralization pattern in India.

1.1 INTRODUCTION

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