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Q. What are the powers of the President with respect to the Bills passed by State Legislature and reserved by the Governor for the assent of the President?

Ans. Following are the main provisions with respect to the Bills reserved by the Governor for the assent of the President—
(I) if a Bill is reserved by the Governor for the assent of the President, he may either grant his assent or declare that he withholds his assent. If the President withholds his assent, the Bill comes to an end. If the President grants his assent, the Bill becomes an Act; or
(2) the President may return such a Bill to the State Legislature for its reconsideration, with his message or directives. The State Legislature is required to send back the Bill within
6 months after having passed with modifications or without modifications. The President is, however, not bound to grant his assent to a Bill returned back to him after reconsideration by the State Legislature; or
(3) the President may keep the Bill pending on his table, which is reserved by the Governor. The President may not decide the fate of the Bill for any period of time and the Governor shall not have any right to such Bills pending before the President.
In a nutshell, if a Bill is reserved by the Governor for the assent of the President, it will not become an Act, in any condition, without the assent of the President. This is applicable in the case of both the categories of Bills, e.g., Money Bills and Ordinary Bills.


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