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Friday, October 14, 2011

Q. What are law matters with respect to which a Bill needs a prior consent of the President before it is introduced in Parliament?

Ans. A Bill, if his related to the following matters, requires the prior consent of the President before its introduction in Parliament—
(a) The creation of new States or the alteration in the boundaries of States (Article 3);
(b) appropriation of agricultural land (Article 31A(1))
(c) Money Bills [Article 117(1)];
(d) a proposal w expend money out of Consolidated Fund of India;
(c) a Bill which affects the interests of States with respect to taxation, or a Bill affecting the principles governing the allocation of central funds to States or a Bill which has the effect, of changing the term  ‘agriculture income’ for the purpose of income tax or a Bill seeking to impose surcharge of incomes for certain purposes of union govern- merit;
(f) a Bill which seeks to affect inter-State trade transactions [Article 304].
However, the validity of an act cannot be questioned on the ground that it did not receive the prior consent of the President, lithe President gives his assent subsequently to the Bill.

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