Skip to main content

Q. Does the President of India enjoy the right to veto the Bills passed by Parliament?

Ans. The purpose behind the Executive Veto is to check the hasty and ill considered passing of legislation by the Parliament. The President of India does not enjoy right to veto to the extent it is enjoyed by the American President. However, the President of India can exercise the right to veto over the Bills passed by Parliament in some situations—(i) If the President declares that he withholds his assent from a Bill, such Bill shall lapse. Generally, this type of veto is exercised by the President over the Bills initiated by private members of Parliament. In the case of government Bills, the Council of Ministers may advise the President for approval of a Bill. However if the Council of Ministers resigns during the pendency of a Bill before the President and the new Council of Ministers advises the President to veto such Bill, it will be considered constitutional and legal. (ii) If the President returns a Bill for the reconsideration of Parliament and such Bill is again passed by Parliament and sent to the assent of the President, he shall give his assent to such a Bill. This kind of veto by the President can suspend or delay a Bill for some time. Therefore, it is called suspensive veto. However, it is not applicable in the case of Money Bills. (iii) The Constitution d&s not prescribe a time limit within which the President is required to decide about his assent to a Bill. Thus, the President may desire to keep a Bill lying on his table for any period of time without taking action in either way. This is called pocket veto. This becomes effective, if the fall of the Council of Ministers is imminent. For example. the then President. Zail Singh kept pending the Postal Bill, 1986 and did not decide the date of the Bill either way. After three years Rajiv Gandhi government was replaced by a new government which preferred to withdraw the Postal Bill. (iv) However, with respect to the Bills passed by the State Legislature and reserved by the Governor tor the assent of the President, the power of absolute veto is enjoyed by the President. He may declare at any time that he withholds the assent from such Bills and consequently, such Bills will come to an end.


Popular posts from this blog



13.0 Learning Outcome

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

• Identify the background of revitalisation of local governance;

• Understand the features of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment;

• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


The revitalization of Pancha…

Q. What is the meaning of the terms like ‘Pardon’, ‘Reprieve’, ‘Respite’, ‘Remission’ and ‘Commutation’ with respect to the power of the President to grant pardon to convicted persons?

Ans. In terms of their scope and effect, these terms have specific connotations. The effect of Pardon is to abolish punishment and to absolve the convict of all charges. If Pardon is granted, it is assured as if the convict has not committed any crime. The convict will not face any disabilities due to the allegations and charges made against him. ‘Remission’ means reducing the punishment without changing the nature of punishment. For example, the imprisonment for 20 years may be reduced to the imprisonment for 10 years. ‘Commutation’ means reducing the punishment by changing the nature of punishment. For example, punishment to death may be changed to life imprisonment. ‘Respite’ means reducing or changing the nature of punishment in view of the specific facts and circumstances of the convict. For example, the punishment to death awarded to a pregnant woman, may be changed to simple life imprisonment. Respite means delay in execution of punishment especially that of death, in order to …



1.0 Learning outcome

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Concept of Democratic Decentralisation

1.3 Evolution of Democratic Decentralisation

1.4 Significance of Democratic Decentralisation

1.5 Democratic Decentralisation in India

1.6 Conclusion

1.7 Key concepts

1.8 References and Further Reading

1.9 Activities


After studying this unit, you should be able to:

• Understand the concept of Democratic Decentralization;

• Know the evolution and significance of Democratic Decentralization; and

• Describe the Democratic Decentralization pattern in India.


The dawn of 21st century is marked by decentralized governance both as a strategy and philosophy of brining about reforms and changes in democracies. These changes led to such virtues of transparency, responsiveness and accountability and ensures good governance. Today decentralization and democracy are the most significant themes in the development discourse. In the present contex…