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NCERT 12 Human geography Chap 6: secondary activities

1.All economic activity revolves around obtaining and utilizing resources necessary for survival.
2.Secondary activities add values to natural resources by transforming raw material into valuable products.


Manufacturing
3.Characteristics of modern large scale manufacturing are :
·Specialization of skills/methods of production
·Mechanization
·Technological innovation
Organizational structure and stratification:
4.Modern manufacturing is characterized by :
·A complex machine technology
·Extreme specialization and division of labor for producing more goods with less effort  and low cost
·Vast capital
·Large organization
·Executive bureaucracy
Uneven geographic distribution:
vSome of factors influencing industrial locations are as :
5.Access to market: near dense populated area where purchase powers of people are good. Aircraft and arms products have global market.
6.Access to row material
7.