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NCERT 12 Human geography Chap 5: Primary Activities part II

Continued from part 1
Extensive commercial grain cultivation: it practiced in inner parts of semi-arid lands of the mid-latitudes.
Wheat is main crop .corn; barley, oats, and rye are also grown. Large size form
Mostly operations are mechanized
Best developed in Eurasian steppes, the Canadian and American prairies, and the pampas of Argentina, the veld of South Africa, Australian downs and Canterbury plains of NEW ZEALAND.
Mixed farming
Mixed farming:
Found in the highly developed parts of the word like north-western Europe, Eastern North America, Parts of Eurasia and the temperature latitudes of southern continents.
Moderate in size and crops are wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize, fodder and root crops. Fodder crops are important component.
Crop rotation and intercropping to main soil-fertility
Equal emphasis is laid on crop cultivation and animal husbandry. cattle,sheeps,pigs and poultry provide incomes
High capital expenditure on farm machinery and on fertilizers, buildings, bio-green man…
Glossary Of Geography


A

      Absolute Humidity
      The mass of water vapor in the atmosphere per unit of volume of space.

      Accessibility
      A locational characteristic that permits a place to be reached by the efforts of those at other places.

      Accessibility Resource
      A naturally occurring landscape feature that facilitates interaction between places.

      Acid Rain
      Rain that has become more acidic than normal (a pH below 5.0) as certain oxides present as airborne pollutants are absorbed by the water droplets. The term is often applied generically to all acidic precipitation.

      Air Mass
      A very large body of atmosphere defined by essentially similar horizontal air temperatures. Moisture conditions are also usually similar throughout the mass.

      altitude
      Height of an object in the atmosphere above sea level.

      Alluvia
      Clay, silt, gravel, or similar detrital material deposited by running water.

      Alluvial Soils
      Soils dep…

What is Culture?

What is Culture?
  Edward B. Tylor
  (1832-1917)
The word culture has many different meanings.  For some it refers to an appreciation of good literature, music, art, and food.  For a biologist, it is likely to be a colony of bacteria or other microorganisms growing in a nutrient medium in a laboratory Petri dish.  However, for anthropologists and other behavioral scientists, culture is the full range of learned human behavior patterns.  The term was first used in this way by the pioneer English Anthropologist Edward B. Tylor in his book, Primitive Culture, published in 1871.  Tylor said that culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society."  Of course, it is not limited to men.  Women possess and create it as well.  Since Tylor's time, the concept of culture has become the central focus of anthropology.Culture is a powerful human tool for surviva…