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Sociology prelims-2009 part 2

Which of the following is not an agency of political socialization?
Students union elections
Trade unionism
Self-help group
Modern Technology

  Consider the following statements
Marx concept of class ‘for itself’ implies
1. After consciousness and realization of extensive class action in pursuit of
2. The economic Which one of the following statements
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2

. Consider the following statements
Sociologists argue that the political modernization of caste occurs when a caste
1. dissolves itself into a class
2. group mobilizes itself as a pressure group.
3. actively organizes on associational principles.
When of the statements given above is/are correct?
1 and 3 only
2 only
2 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3 When a caste group consolidates itself horizontally and asks for special policies or programmes for its development, it begins to act like a
Political party
Pressure group
Dominant caste

. Consider the following statements:
1. Hierarchy and differentiation are the parts stratification.
2. Caste system is a closed system of social stratification.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2

Consider the following statements:
Democratic politics has changed the social composition of the political elite from
1. Cultural and status homogeneity to heterogeneity.
2. Predominantly upper caste to multi-caste.
3. Predominantly urban to rural and urban.
4. Predominantly pan-Indian to regional and local interest oriented.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1 only
2, 3 and 4 only.
1, 2 and 4 only
1, 2 3 and 4

The process of modernization in India brings about a change in the inner logic of caste.
What terms did Louis Dumont use to specify this process?
From ‘culture ‘ to ‘economy;’
From ‘pollution’ to politics’
From ‘structure’ to substance’
From ‘religion’ to ‘society’

Who among the following, has introduced the category ‘Scheduled Castes’ for the first time in India?
The British in 1935 in the Govenrment of India Act.
Mahatma Gandhiji in 1942 during Quit India Movement.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar during the Constituent Assembly Debates.
The Government of India in 1950 in Article 42 of the Constitution of India.

Which of the following policies for dealing with the tribal population of India was advocated by Verrier Elvin? Reservation in jobs and education
Land reforms and cultivation rights No State intervation in tribval wat of life.
No State intervention in tribal way of life.
Their complete integration into the national life.

Which of the following are inalienable parts of political modernization?
1. Freedom of expression
2. Political pressure
3. Preventive law
4. Sacrosanct and wrong
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
1 and 2 only
3 and 4 only
1, 2 and 3
2, 3 and 4

 Consider the following statements:
Tribal systems are usually categorized by their
1. Economic systems
2. Kinship systems
3. Educational Systems
4. Modes of social change.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1 ,2 3 and 4
1 and 2 only
3 and 4 only
2 only

  Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
Morgan : Iroquois tribe
Franz Boas : Eskimos
A.C. Haddon : Torres Strait
W.H.R. Rivers : Melaneisa

 . Which one of the following is not a feature of peasant societies?
Use of family members as labourers
Complete isolation
Family as a unit of production as well as consumption.
Agriculture as a way of life.

Match List I with List II and select the
correct answer using the code given below the
List I
List II
(a) Gemeinshaft …….1. L.T. Hobhouse
(b) Status and Contract…….2. H. Spencer
(c) Militant and Industrial…….3. F. Tonnies
(d) Kinship,Authority,and citizenship…….4. H. Maine
Code:A B C D
3 2 4 1
1 2 4 1
3 4 2 1
1 4 2 3

R.Dahrendorf argued that post-industrial societies are divided on the lines of
The exercise of authority
Ownership of means of production
Democratic participative models 

Embourgeoisiement is
failure of mobility of working class
automation of industry
reformulation of bourgeois identify
Process of creating bourgeois aspirations, style of living among the working class

. Which among the following is not a basic element of capitalist economy?
Private ownership
Profit ownership
Capital accumulation
Creation of public wealth 

For Weber, capitalism is not related to
A religious commitment of self
Belief in Calvinist principles
Upper class values
This-worldy asceticism

. Lumpenproletariat is a concept within
Marxist theory
Weberian theory
Parasonian theory
Durkheimian theory

In their theory of Leisure Class, Veblen compared
Consumerism with social mobility
Conspicuous consumption with conspicuous leisure of the financially successful groups in society
Life styles of nouveau riche
Different ideas related to deprivation of women. 

 . Consider the following statements:
1. Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture or its own shall have the right to conserve the same.
2. No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them
Which of the statements given above is/are explicitly stated in Article 29 of the Constitution of India for protection of interest of minorities?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2

. Which one of the following Indian states took the progressive initiative of first launching the Employment Guarantee Scheme?

Which of the following statements are correct?
For Karl Marx, class is identified by
1. relations of subordination
2. ruling class ideology
3. knowledge, skill and technology
4. Profit and surplus value.
Select the correct answer using them code given below: 1 and 2 only
3 and 4 only
1 and 3 only
1, 2 and 4

Which of the following statements about the concept of rural- urban continuum is correct?
It means villages and towns are dichotomous entities.
It means that villages and towns are interlinked and yet distinct from each other.
It explains the process of urbanization.
It means migration of rural people to cities and of urban people to the villages.

Who, among the following, has initiated a discussion on the differentiation of metropolitan space like the space of flows and the space of places?
Manuel Castells
Gideon Sjoberg
Amos Hawley
Louis Wirth

. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
Peasants are considered to cling to tradition.
Farmer’s attitude towards agriculture tends to be profit oriented while peasant’s view land from a cultural perspective.
Farmers generally work on their own land while peasants always lease-in land from others?
Farmers work with hired labour while peasants work with family labour.

Consider the following statements:
1. According to some early social theorists such as Herbert Spencer, social evolution is a process through which societies develop in predictable ways that generally reflect progress towards ‘higher’ or more nearly perfect forms of social life.
2. Oswald Spengler and Arnold J. Toynbee argued that societies change according to cycles of rise, decline, and fall just as individual people are born, mature, grow old, and die.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2


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13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

• Identify the background of revitalisation of local governance;

• Understand the features of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment;

• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


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