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Sociology Prelims 2009- part 1

Kaka Kalelkar Commission was appointed by the Government of India to determine thecriteria for identification of

population below the poverty line
socially and educationally backward classes
economically backward upper castes
socially and economically backward communities.


Who among the following social scientist first used the categories of the 'the title tradition
and the great tradition' to describe the process of change in peasant society?

Robert Redfield
Mckim Marriott
Barrington Moore
T. Shanin


. Who among the following, argued that social evolution is an extension of biological evolution and actual mechanisms o social evolution and biological evolution are different but both can be understood in terms of "evolutionary universals"?

Charles Darwin
David Landes
Herbert Spencer
Talcott Parsons


. Which of the following statements about social change according to Karl Marx is/are correct?
Social change occurs when
1. society experiences class struggle.
2. a creative individual introduces new values and morals through his/her leadership qualities.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2


According to M.N.Srinivas, what are the three levels of Westernization in India?

Simple, Complex and multiple
Primary, Secondary and tertiary
High, medium and low
Individual, community and nation


Which one of the following is not correctly matched?
Author ---- Book

Max Weber ---- The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Robert Redfield ---- Tepoztlan, A Mexican village : A study of Folk Life.
Daniel Bell ---- The cultural Contradictions of Capitalism
Erving Goffman ---- The Mind and Society


False consciousness according to Marx is the

Process by which the proletariat understands its position in history
Difference between the proletariat's conception of itself and its real interests
Difference between the bourgeois and the proletarian conceptions of society
Idea that a belief held in common by a class is necessarily true


. Who has applied 'pattern variables' to differentiate between developed and developing societies?

K. Davis
B. Hoselitz
W.E. Moore
T. Parsons


The Nehruvian model of development focuses on

Science and technology to promote development
Small and cottage based industries
Agriculture and alternative sources of power
Khadi and village industries.


. Consider the following statements For Mahatma Gandhi, women's involvement in the nationalist movement meant that they
1. Sit at home and spin khadi
2. participate in bonfires that burned foreign clothes.
3. fill-up prisons and thus protest against the British.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
1 only
1, 2 and 3


The backward classes movements in South India during the early twentieth century were

directed against the colonial rulers
directed against Brahmins and other upper castes
movements for reservation in employment
movements for land reforms and land redistribution.Directions:



Assertion : In the opinion of Irawati Karve, caste is an extended kin-group.
Reason : Members of the same caste believe that they have descended from a common ancestor.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
A is true but R is false
A is false but R is true


Assertion : Emphasis on conjugal ties is supposed to weaken the stability of the joint family.
Reason : The father – son relationship and the relationship between brothers are more crucial for the joint family system than the conjugal relationship.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
A is true but R is false
A is false but R is true


. Assertion : Monogamy is the most common from of marriage in the contemporary society.
Reason : Status of women is likely to enhance in a monogamous union.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
A is true but R is false
A is false but R is true



Assertion : The modernization process has challenged the hold of caste system in India.
Reason : Mobility as a phenomenon of change in caste system does not challenge the basic structure of caste.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
Both A and R are true but R is NOT a correct explanation of A
A is true but R is false
A is false but R is true


. In V. Pareto's concept of circulation of elites,composition of elites alternates cyclically between

lions and sheep
sheep and foxes
foxes and lions
bulls and bears


Who, among the following sociologists, has developed the 'iron law of oligarchy'?

Robert Michels in his discussion of Bureaucracy.
Karl Marx in his discussion of Capitalist Society
Max Weber in his discussion of Authority.
V.Pareto in his discussion of Power


Which one of the following is not a characteristsic feature of traditional authority?

Personal loyalty


Which one of the following is not the institutional condition of industrialization ?

The institutionalization of rule of inheritance
A commercial system of exchange
The reliable legal principles and their judicial application
A rationally – organized mechanized production system



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