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question-answer 10 from Orkut

Qn 231: Which state has the Top Internet Speed in India for the October- December Quarter?

Q232.What are Cubsats and Rubin 9.1 and Rubin 9.2?
Ans : 4 cubesats and rubin 9.1 9.2 were launched by pslv c14. rubinsats are german satellites.
cubesats are from berlin

 Qxxx   what is REDD : The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries UN-REDD

Qn: where is India’s longest Elevated National Highway?  : India's longest elevated national highway is the 10 lane mixed corridor to the electronics city on NH 7 in Bengaluru. It is 9.985 Km corridor.

Q-234-Chairman of Prasar bharati ?  
Ans: Mrinal Pande replaced Arun Bhatnagar as the new Prasar Bharati Chairman

Qn 235: What is common between Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Bimal Jalan and Vijay Kelkar ?
Ans 235- All three served as finance secretary to the ministry of finance.

Q236-Writer of "Museum of Innocence"? Orhan Pamuk 

Q237: which day is celebrated on 3rd may  : World Press Freedom day

Q238-what is NSSK:
ans238- Nordiske Sykepleierstudenters Kontaktforum (NSSK)
NSSK is the only cooperation amongst nursing students in the Nordic countries and was established in 1956. Member countries are Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Faeroe Islands, Finland and Sweden.

Q239. who is the scientific advisor to defense minister?
Ans 239: Dr Vijay Kumar Saraswat is the scientific advisor to defence minister

Qn 240: Which is the last country to join WTO??  
ans 240 : Cape Verde in 23 july 2008 

 Q : 241 who established valentine day?
Saint Valentine's Day (commonly shortened to Valentine's Day) is an annual holiday held on February 14 celebrating love and affection between intimate companions.
The holiday is named after one or more early Christian martyrs named Valentine and was established by Pope Gelasius I in 496 AD.
It is traditionally a day on which lovers express their love for each other by presenting flowers, offering confectionery, and sending greeting cards (known as "valentines").
The holiday first became associated with romantic love in the circle of Geoffrey Chaucer in the High Middle Ages, when the tradition of courtly love flourished.

 Q. 242. Whish countries holds the  1st, 2nd and  3rd position  in gold ranking in the recently concluded South asian games in Dhaka? 1st -- India 2nd-- Pak.3rd--Bangladesh
q-243 what Srikrishna Committee is abt? UPA goverment has announced a five member committee on telengana issue headed by former CJI sri Krishna Who has been inducted as SP of the prestigious National Investigation Agency (NIA)?  :T. K. Rajamohan has been inducted as SP of NIA. 

Q246 what is the rank of india in environment performance index?   123
Q 247-Who wrote the Scarlet Letter? : Nathaniel Hawthorne 
Qxxx : Where is the famous Virupaksha temple located? : hampi 
Q248 which river forms boundary between tripura and bangladesh?   : river- muhuri
Q 249 : what is river brahmaputra called in tibet?  tsangpo
Qn 252: First Indian woman to ski to South Pole:Reena kaushal
q253 who has been outstanding achievement award by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales ? Deepak parekh 
Qn 254: expand SWAN  : State Wide Area Network
Q: 255) Which country wanted N R Narayana Murthy (Infosys) to be its IT advisor, but he declined that offer?   Srilanka 
 que 256 :who is first female to cross Atlanic see by swimming? Jennifer Figge  
q257 Director General of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) ?     Vikram Srivastava 
 q-258. what are jarawan, Onges and Sentinelese?  yes, there are the three surviving tribes of Andaman Islands 
q259:Which Indian state has highest polio cases last year? Uttar pradesh 
Q260: two languges whose speaker hv beeen died recentely? Khora and Bo-the two andamese languages are now extinct with the death of their last speakers


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13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

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• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


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1.1 Introduction

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After studying this unit, you should be able to:

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