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Indian Polity and Constitution: part 1 ( objectives)

  • The states of Manipur ,Tripura and Meghalaya were formed in : The year 1972
  • Fazl Ali commission appointed in Dec 1953 to consider the question of state Organisation accepted : Language as the basis of reorganization of states
  • Sikkim was made the full-fledged state of Indian-union by : The 36th Constitutional Amendment Act (1975)
  • Which article of the constitution of India provides for freedom to manage religious affairs : article 26
  • Under the chapter " fundamental rights " rights under Article 15,16,19,29 and 30 have been conferred on Indian Citizen but have been denied the same : To aliens
  • Right of freedom of speech and expression , to assemble peace-ably , to form associations or unions ,to move freely through-out the territory of India, to reside and settle in any part of India and to practice any profession or occupation ,trade or business all are parts of : article 19(i) a to f
  • The writ issued by the court of enquire into legality of claim of a person to public office to prevent illegal usurpation of public office by a person is : Quo-Warranto
  • The rule or Administration which refer to a situation where civil administration is run by the military authorities according to their rules and regulation framed outside the ordinary law : Martial Law
  • By which constitutional Amendment Act was the elementary education made a fundamental right under Article 21 A: The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act
  • A procedure whereby a proposed legislation is referred to electorates for settlement by their direct votes is : Referendum
  • The Comptroller and Auditor General Of India can be removed from the office in like mannar and on like Grounds as : Supreme Court Judge
  • Articles 14 to 18 in the constitution of India covers : Right of Equality
  • Right against Exploitation as enshrined in the constitution of India is covered by - Article 23-24
  • In 1963 , the state which was formed by taking the Naga Hills and Tuensang area out of the state of Assam was: Nagaland
  • The constituent assembly of India entrusted with the task of making the constitution for the people of India held its first meeting on: Dec 9,1946
  • The idea of a constituent Assembly for India was put forward for the first time in 1935 by : M.N.Roy
  • The S.K.Dhar Commission appointed in June 1948 to consider the issue of State reorganization recommended the re-Organisation of states on the basis of : Administrative convenience rather than linguistic factor
  • The writ issued by a higher court to a lower court or tribunal either to transfer a case pending with a letter to itself or to squash the order of an letter in a case is known as : Certiorari
  • Which of the articles of the constitution of India empowers the parliament to restrict or abrogate the fundamental rights of the members of the armed forces ,paramilitary forces ,intelligence agencies and analogous forces ? :article 33
  • The concept of martial law has been borrowed in India from: The English Common Law
  • Who said " The Directive principle of states policy are the life giving provisions of the constitution ,they constitute the stuff of the Constitution and its philosophy of Social Justice. : L.M.Singhvi , an eminent jurist
  • The Idea of Republic and the Ideals of liberty ,equality and Fraternity as Inserted in the Preamble to The Constitution of India have been borrowed from : French Constitution
  • Provision as to financial emergency in the constitution of India is mentioned in :article 360
  • Part XIVA (article 323 A covered ) establishing Administrative Tribunals for the adjudication or trial of disputes and complaints with respect to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services or posts under central government or state government has been Inserted in the Constitution by : The Constitution ( 42 Amendment Act ,1976 )
  • Which article of the Constitution of India empowers the Governor of a state to Grant pardons and to suspend ,remit or Commute Sentences in certain cases : article 161
  • Which schedule of the Constitution of India deals with administration and control of Scheduled area and scheduled tribes: 5th Schedule
  • Which set of duties of chief minister of a state has been mentioned in article 167 of the constitution of India? Duties of chief minister with regard to furnishing of information to Governor
  • The Provisions as covered by Article 343-351 under part XVII of the constitution of India deals with: Official language
  • In which Historic case did the Supreme court of India hold that preamble to the Constitution is a part of Constitution and Hence can be amended? Kesavananda Bharti Vs. State of Kerala (1973)
  • How many Times has the preamble been amended: Once in 1976 by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act
  • The three territories which India acquired from the Portuguese by means of a police action in 1961 were : Goa, Daman, Diu
  • The Citizenship Act 1955 prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether acquired under Act or prior to it under the constitution : By renunciation , By termination and By deprivation
  • As per the honorable Supreme Court Judgments ,the right to fair Trial is part of : Right to Life and liberty under article 21 of the Constitution of The India


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13.0 Learning Outcome

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

• Identify the background of revitalisation of local governance;

• Understand the features of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment;

• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


The revitalization of Pancha…

Q. What is the meaning of the terms like ‘Pardon’, ‘Reprieve’, ‘Respite’, ‘Remission’ and ‘Commutation’ with respect to the power of the President to grant pardon to convicted persons?

Ans. In terms of their scope and effect, these terms have specific connotations. The effect of Pardon is to abolish punishment and to absolve the convict of all charges. If Pardon is granted, it is assured as if the convict has not committed any crime. The convict will not face any disabilities due to the allegations and charges made against him. ‘Remission’ means reducing the punishment without changing the nature of punishment. For example, the imprisonment for 20 years may be reduced to the imprisonment for 10 years. ‘Commutation’ means reducing the punishment by changing the nature of punishment. For example, punishment to death may be changed to life imprisonment. ‘Respite’ means reducing or changing the nature of punishment in view of the specific facts and circumstances of the convict. For example, the punishment to death awarded to a pregnant woman, may be changed to simple life imprisonment. Respite means delay in execution of punishment especially that of death, in order to …

General Studies :: Indian Polity #1

Constitutional evolution under British ruleRegulating Act 1773beginning of British parliamentary control over the East India Companysubordination of the presidencies of Bombay and Madras to BengalGovernor of Bengal made Governal-Generalcouncil of Governor-General establishedSupreme Court established in CalcuttaPitt’s India Act 1784commercial and political activities of the Company separatedestablished a board of control over the CompanyCharter Act 1813trade monopoly of the Company abolishedmissionaries allowed to preach in IndiaCharter Act 1833Governor-General of Bengal becomes Governor-General of Indiafirst Governor-General Lord William Bentickends commercial activities of the CompanyCharter Act 1853legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General’s council separatedopen competition for Indian Civil Services establishedIndian Council Act 1861establishes legislative councils at the centre, presidencies and provincesGovernor-General’s executive council to have Indians as non…