Skip to main content

Indian Polity and Constitution 2

Indian Polity and Constitution 2



  • Who can  recommend or abolish creation of Legislative council in a state : Legislative Assembly of the State
  • The Constitution of India borrowed the Concept of the Directive Principles of State policy from the constitution of : Ireland
  • Under which article has the Supreme Court been Given the Power to review any judgment pronounced or order made by it previously? –Article 137
  • A member elected to the Lok-sabha as a candidate of a party crosses the floor of the House. What happens in such a case?   -He ceases to be a member of the House whether or not he resigns his membership
  • The Right to property was excluded from the fundamental Rights During the tenure of government Headed by : Morarji Desai
  • The first official language commission  as required under article 344 of the constitution was constituted by the president in : 1955 with B.G.Kher as the chairman
  • Which authority should an Indian citizen Approach for securing his fundamental right of personal freedom guaranteed by the constitution? –The Supreme court or a High Court
  • Which Article of the constitution empowers the high Courts to issue writs for the enforcement of fundamental Rights? Article 226
  • Which Schedule in the constitution divides the legislative powers between the union and the states?  VII schedule
  • ‘Closure ‘ in parliamentary terminology  means: a rule of legislative procedure under which further details on a motion can be stopped
  • Which is the Constitutional authority that been made responsible for constituting the  finance commission periodically : The  president of India
  • The Finance Commission is normally expected to be constituted after every : Five years
  • To who does the public Accounts Committee Submit its report? The speaker of Lok-Sabha
  •  A person who is arrested and detained in police custody has to be produced before the nearest magistrate within : 24 hours
  • Which Amendment to the constitution has clearly laid down that the president of India is bound to accept the advice given by the Council of Ministers. -42 Amendments
  • In the event of non-enforcement of Directive principles of State policy by the Government ,a citizen of India can move which court – None
  • Which article of the constitution has declared untouchability in any form is unconstitutional? Article 17
  • The Constituents of Indian Parliament as mentioned in the constitution are the – President, Lok-sabha and Rajya sabha
  • To be officially recognised by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha as an Opposition Group, Party or Coalition of Parties must have at least :  —50 members
  • Which article of the Indian Constitution provides for the institution of Panchayati Raj? —Article 40
  • The first Law Officer of the Government of India is: —Attorney General
  • Which functionary can be invited to give his opinion in the Parliament? —Attorney General of India
  • The Constitution of India was adopted on: —November 26, 1949
  • How many Schedules does the Constitution of India contain? —12
  • Which Constitution amendment accorded preference to the Directive Principles over Fundamental Rights? —42nd Amendment
  • Who said in the Constituent Assembly that the Directive Principles of State Policy are like a ‘cheque on a bank payable at the convenience of the bank’? —K. T. Shah
  • Who in the Constituent Assembly wanted the Directive Principles of the State Policy to be the basis of all future legislation? —Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
  • The Rajya Sabha, which is the Upper House of  the Parliament, has a maximum strength of :—250 members
  • Which Article of the Constitution abolishes untouchability? —Article 17
  • Which Constitution Amendment introduced the anti-defection provisions in the Constitution of India? —52nd Amendment
  • What happens when a no-confidence motion is passed against a Minister? -The whole Council of Ministers has to resign
  • The President has the power to nominate two members to the  Lok Sabha, who belong to: —Anglo-Indian Community
  • If a bill affects the Powers of High Court, what is mandatory for the Governor?  —To reserve such a bill for the   consideration by the President
  • Judicial Review means:  —The authority of the Courts to interpret the legality of laws
  • The Indian Republic got the status of ‘A Sovereign Democratic Republic’ on: —January 26, 1950
  • Article 61 of the Constitution of India deals with: —Impeachment of the President
  • The Supreme Court of India enunciated the doctrine of ‘Basic Structure’ of the Constitution in the— Keshvanand Bharati Case in 1973
  • The authority to alter the boundaries of States in India rests with :—Parliament



Popular posts from this blog



13.0 Learning Outcome

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Initiatives towards Constitutional Status to Local Governance

13.2.1 Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment

13.2.2 Features of 74th Constitutional Amendment

13.2.3 Decentralised Planning in Context of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

13.3 Initiatives after Economic Reforms

13.4 Functioning of PRIs in Various States after 73rd Amendment

13.5 Functioning of Local Governance after 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment: Observations

13.6 Conclusion

13.7 Key Concepts

13.8 References and Further Reading

13.9 Activities


After studying this Unit you should be able to:

• Identify the background of revitalisation of local governance;

• Understand the features of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment;

• Discuss the initiatives after economic reforms; and

• Outlines the functioning of local governance in various states after the amendment.


The revitalization of Pancha…

Q. What is the meaning of the terms like ‘Pardon’, ‘Reprieve’, ‘Respite’, ‘Remission’ and ‘Commutation’ with respect to the power of the President to grant pardon to convicted persons?

Ans. In terms of their scope and effect, these terms have specific connotations. The effect of Pardon is to abolish punishment and to absolve the convict of all charges. If Pardon is granted, it is assured as if the convict has not committed any crime. The convict will not face any disabilities due to the allegations and charges made against him. ‘Remission’ means reducing the punishment without changing the nature of punishment. For example, the imprisonment for 20 years may be reduced to the imprisonment for 10 years. ‘Commutation’ means reducing the punishment by changing the nature of punishment. For example, punishment to death may be changed to life imprisonment. ‘Respite’ means reducing or changing the nature of punishment in view of the specific facts and circumstances of the convict. For example, the punishment to death awarded to a pregnant woman, may be changed to simple life imprisonment. Respite means delay in execution of punishment especially that of death, in order to …

General Studies :: Indian Polity #1

Constitutional evolution under British ruleRegulating Act 1773beginning of British parliamentary control over the East India Companysubordination of the presidencies of Bombay and Madras to BengalGovernor of Bengal made Governal-Generalcouncil of Governor-General establishedSupreme Court established in CalcuttaPitt’s India Act 1784commercial and political activities of the Company separatedestablished a board of control over the CompanyCharter Act 1813trade monopoly of the Company abolishedmissionaries allowed to preach in IndiaCharter Act 1833Governor-General of Bengal becomes Governor-General of Indiafirst Governor-General Lord William Bentickends commercial activities of the CompanyCharter Act 1853legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General’s council separatedopen competition for Indian Civil Services establishedIndian Council Act 1861establishes legislative councils at the centre, presidencies and provincesGovernor-General’s executive council to have Indians as non…