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List of recognised political parties in India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Indian state governments led by various political parties as of March 2009

India has a multi-party system with a predominance of small regional parties. Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (EC).

To gain recognition in a state, the party must have had political activity for at least five continuous years, and send at least 4% of the state's quota to the Lok Sabha (India's Lower house), or 3.33% of members to that state's assembly. These conditions are deemed to have failed if a member of the Lok Sabha or the Legislative Assembly of the State becomes a member of that political party after his election. If a party is recognised in four or more states, it is declared as a "National party" by the EC. Otherwise, it is known as a "State Party."[1]

All parties contesting elections have to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the Election Commission. All 28 states along with the union territory of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi usually have an elected government unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.


Seven parties are recognised as national parties.[2] They are listed by name, together with acronym, year of formation and the party leader.[3]


Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1995 Mayawati
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Rajnath Singh
Communist Party of India CPI 1925[1] A.B. Bardhan
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI (M) 1964 Prakash Karat
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Sonia Gandhi
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1998 Sharad Pawar
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1996 Lalu Prasad Yadav


If a party is recognised as a state party by the Election Commission, it can reserve a symbol for its exclusive use in the state. The following are a list of recognised state parties as of April 2009.[2]


All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 J. Jayalalitha Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 2004 Mamta Banerjee Meghalaya, West Bengal
Arunachal Congress AC 1996 Kamen Ringu Arunachal Pradesh

Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta Assam

Assam United Democratic Front AUDF
Badruddin Ajmal Assam
Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Naveen Patnaik Orissa
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 M Karunanidhi Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
None Indian Federal Democratic Party[4]
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Omar Abdullah Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP NA Bhim Singh Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party PDP 1998 Mufti Mohammed Sayeed Jammu and Kashmir
Janata Dal (Secular) JD (S) 1999 H.D. Deve Gowda Karnataka, Kerala
Janata Dal (United) JD (U) 1999 Nitish Kumar Bihar, Jharkhand
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Shibu Soren Jharkhand, Orissa
Kerala Congress KEC 1964 P.J. Joseph Kerala
Kerala Congress (Mani) KEC (M) 1979 C.F Thomas Kerala

Lok Jan Shakti Party LJSP
Ram Vilas Paswan Bihar
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MAG 1963 Shashikala Kakodkar Goa
Manipur People's Party MPP 1968 O. Joy Singh Manipur
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1993 Vaiko Tamil Nadu
Mizo National Front MDF 1959 Pu Zoramthanga Mizoram
Mizoram People's Conference MPC 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga Mizoram
Muslim League Kerala State Committee MUL 1948 G.M. Banatwalla Kerala
Nagaland People's Front NPF 2002 Neiphiu Rio Nagaland

National People's Party NPP

Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 G. K. Mani Tamil Nadu, Puducherry

Pudhucherry Munnetra Congress PMC 2005 P. Kannan Puducherry
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 T.J. Chandrachoodan West Bengal
Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand

Save Goa Front SGF

Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Parkash Singh Badal Punjab
Shiv Sena SHS 1966 Uddhav Thackeray[2] Maharashtra
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim

Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS

Andhra Pradesh
Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 N. Chandrababu Naidu Andhra Pradesh
United Democratic Party UDP NA Donkupar Roy Meghalaya
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKKD 1979 Bipin Chandra Tripathi Uttarakhand
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP 1997 Lalduhoma


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